You are here

Survey Methodology

PMA2020 collects a nationally or sub-nationally representative sample of data from households and women in selected sentinel sites, to estimate family planning and other health indicators on an annual basis in 11 pledging FP2020 countries. The PMA2020 surveys involve interviewing a sample of females aged 15 to 49 years and a probability sample of health facilities, pharmacies, and retail outlets that offer family planning services to the selected communities. The female respondents are asked questions about their background, their birth history and fertility preferences, their use of family planning methods, and other information that is helpful to policymakers and program administrators in health and family planning improvement.

The survey sample in each country is based on a multi-stage cluster design, typically using urban-rural and major regions as the strata. A nationally representative number of clusters or enumeration areas is sampled in each program country. In each EA, households are listed and mapped. Households are systematically sampled for inclusion in the survey round, using random selection. Embedded in each household survey is the female respondent survey, with a series of questions for all women of reproductive age (15-49) living at each household. Respondents for the SDP survey are management staff answering on behalf of the facility.

The household and female surveys are carried out by female data collectors, known as resident enumerators (REs). Eligibility criteria for selection of REs vary by program country, REs are typically women over the age of 21 who are from or near the respective enumeration areas and hold at least a high school diploma.

Each RE takes about six weeks to collect data from all selected households, eligible women, and service delivery points. Data collected from households generate aggregate numbers (descriptive statistics). Data processing produces weighted estimates to report to national and international stakeholders. Data are immediately processed when collection is completed, and the results are disseminated to country stakeholders. Data collection takes place semi-annually in the first two years for each project country and annually thereafter. 

PMA2020 has produced many reports, tables and papers that take a closer look at the methodology used. All reports and papers can be accessed here.